Papua Province recorded the most significant growth in the Human Development Index (HDI) in 2018, which was 1.64%. This makes the HDI status of the Papua Province change from low to moderate.
Head of the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) Suhariyanto said the change in the status of the HDI of Papua Province was making it no longer a province in Indonesia with a low HDI status. One of the keys in changing the status of the HDI he said was infrastructure development.
“The key is infrastructure development. In the future, one of the keys is to think about social inclusion where we provide opportunities to get education, health and others,” he said in the BPS Building, Jakarta, Monday (4/15/2019).
Age of life expectancy at the time of birth of the Papua Province was recorded to increase by 0.22 years, then long school expectations rose by 0.29 years and the average length of school increased by 0.25 years compared to 2017. While the per capita expenditure increased by Rp 163,000 to Rp. 7,159,000 per capita / year.
From health indicators, the absence of defecation facilities in Papua Province decreased from 30.84 in 2017 to 30.29 in 2018 and the number of health workers per 1,000 population increased from 1.57 in 2017 to 2.56 in 2018.
While the figures Early marriages or those who were married at less than 16 years of age fell from 10.91 to 10.1.
While from economic indicators, the gini ratio in Papua Province also fell from 0.39 to 0.38, the open unemployment rate fell from 11.25 to 7.83, formal labor increased from 21.81 to 22.37 to per capita income , wages for workers / employees / employees, and the UMP increases.
Whereas from the education indicator, the enrollment rate for primary education from elementary and junior high school increases. The average length of schooling of a head of household also increased from 6.5 years to 6.6 years.