The Central Statistics Agency (BPS) recorded an increase in Indonesia’s Human Development Index (HDI) in 2018. Where HDI was recorded at 71.39, this figure increased by 0.58 points or grew by 0.82% compared to 2017 .
Head of BPS, Suhariyanto stated, human development was measured by observing three essential aspects, namely longevity and healthy life, knowledge, and decent living standards. HDI is used to see the development progress in the long run, therefore the aspects that need to be considered are speed and status of achievement.
“For our HDI we use the UNDP (United Nations for Development Program) standard. Where if the HDI is below 60 it is considered low, 60-70 medium growth rates. The high growth rate is 71-80. It means that currently the Indonesian HDI is in a high position,” he explained in a press conference at the BPS Head Office, Jakarta, Monday (4/15/2019).
The man who is familiarly called Kecuk stated that human development progress was felt in all provinces in Indonesia. Where the highest HDI is in DKI Jakarta, which is equal to 80.47 and the lowest in Papua, namely 60.06.
Despite being the lowest, interestingly Papua became the province that experienced the highest growth in HDI, which grew 1.64% from the previous year. This also made the status increase from the previous province with a low HDI being moderate.
“In 2018, Papua IPM is in the medium category. Almost all provinces are in the medium, high category, only DKI is very high,” he explained.
As for looking at the components, life expectancy at birth is increased to 71.20 years from the previous year 71.06. Then 7-year-old children have educational expectations of 12.91 years or reach a Diploma I.
Then the population aged 25 years and over also increased, on average taking education for 8.17 years or up to 9th grade of junior high school. “Per capita expenditure also grew 3.70%, to Rp. 11.6 million per year,” he said.