Last year the United Nations Decolonization Committee rejected a petition claimed to have been signed by 1.8 million West Papuans, who called for an independence referendum.
In September 2017 according to a report quoted by Radio NZ on December 6, 2018, a petition submitted by West Papuan independence leader Benny Wenda, asked the United Nations to appoint a special representative to investigate violations and to put West Papua back on the decolonization agenda.
But the UN decolonization committee said that the issue of West Papua was beyond its authority, which was only given to 17 countries recognized by the United Nations as “Non-self Governing Territory”. According to the United Nations Charter, quoted from the un.org site, the Non-Self Governing Territory is a community that has not yet reached the full requirement to form its own government.
Benny Wenda, Leader of Free West Papua
In 1946, a number of UN members identified a number of areas under their government that were not able to govern themselves and put them on the UN list. As a result of the decolonization process for several years thereafter, many of these regions were removed from the UN list.
This urges the ruling government to take effective steps to protect and guarantee the irrevocable rights of the Non-Self Governing Territory for their natural resources, including land, and the ability to build and maintain control over the development of resources in the future, and ask the ruling government officials to take all necessary steps to protect the property rights of the people in the Region.
Based on the latest data from the UN Secretariat 2017 regarding the Non-Self Governing Territory, there are currently 17 regions that are listed in the Non-Self Governing Territory, some of which are Guam, New Caledonia, Gibraltar, Cayman Island, Bermuda and others.
The chairman of the United Nations Decolonization Committee and the Venezuelan Ambassador to the United Nations, Rafael Ramirez, said he had not received official application documents, and his committee had been manipulated for political purposes. Abc.net.au reports the chairman of the committee does not accept petitions or reports and calls them false.
Ramirez also said that the committee accepted Indonesian sovereignty over West Papua, which took control of western Papua in 1969.
In a statement, UN representatives in Indonesia, Triansyah Djani, who sat on the committee, called the Wenda petition for the independence of West Papua as deceptive and separatist propaganda.