Village Funds Decline Unemployment in West Papua

Dana desa tekan pengangguran di Papua Barat

The village fund program is noted to be one of the suppressing components of the open unemployment rate in the West Papua Province, Indonesia.

Head of West Papua Central Statistics Agency, Endang Retno Subiandini, in Manokwari, Wednesday, said, from 2015 to 2018 the open unemployment rate in West Papua tended to decline. In August 2015 West Papua’s open unemployment rate fell by 8.08 percent from the previous year.

The decline continues until August 2018 reaching 6.30 percent from August 2017. In addition to the village fund funding program, other components that also affect the decline in the open unemployment rate include receipt of temporary employees in Bintuni Bay Regency and Sorong City.

“Then the recruitment of employees in the processing industry sector in Bintuni Bay and Sorong. This is quite influential, the workforce is absorbed there,” Endang said.

She explained, the number of workforce in August 2018 was 445,630 people and experienced an increase of around 15 thousand people from 2017. The sectors that experienced an increase in the number of workers included government administration, processing industry, transportation and health services sector.

Nevertheless, she said, in general the highest labor absorption in West Papua occurred in the agricultural sector reaching 33.64 percent, followed by the trade and financial services sector, respectively 15.06 percent and 14.81 percent.

“Based on sectoral trends, there are almost no jobs that consistently rise or fall in employment. Each moves fluctuating every semester,” she said again

She added, most of the work status of the population working in the area was laborers or employees. Uptake of labor in West Papua increased from 38.76 percent in 2017 to 43.37 percent in 2018.

Based on the status of education, she said, elementary school graduates and under are still quite dominant. The number of elementary school graduate workers down in this area reached 138,033 people or 35.05 out of the total working population in West Papua.

“Followed by 28 high school education, 76 percent, SMK 8.29 percent and Diploma graduates 3.34 percent,” said Endang.


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