Not many West Papuans know that when members of the Investigation Agency for the Indonesian Independence Preparatory Efforts (BPUPKI) convened on July 14, 1945, the founding fathers of the Indonesian state had determined that West Papua would also become an Indonesian territory which would declare its independence some time later.
In the book Minutes of the Session of the Indonesian Institute of Indonesian Independence Preparatory Efforts (BPUPKI) issued by the State Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia, it was determined that the territory of Indonesia was, “The former Dutch East Indies, plus Malaya, North Borneo, Papua, Portuguese Timor and the island – surrounding islands”.
Determination of the territory of Indonesia is basically based on the geopolitical views of the founding fathers at that time, namely the existence of equality of fate among the population in the region which at that time was a colonial region of the western countries (Dutch, English and Portuguese).
But we know that the Malayan region, North Borneo is a British colonial colony, while East Timor is a Portuguese colonial colony.
Based on the concept of international law uti posideti juris, the provisions stipulate that a country inherits an area that was previously occupied by its colonial state.
With this principle, the current territory of Indonesia is the former Dutch colony, including West Papua.
So the argument of the Dutch government at the Round Table Conference in 1949 which stated that West Papua was not part of Indonesia because of ethnic / racial differences that automatically fell and was contrary to international law.
The formation of opinions on ethnic / racial differences built by the Dutch on the issue of West Papua at that time was actually a Dutch strategy to build racial sentiments of the Papuans towards other Indonesians from various ethnic groups and ethnic groups. We do not forget that the Dutch colonial government did the same thing when they applied the Colonial Law in 1854 where they created a separation of social status based on race, namely:
1. Europeanen (European white people),
2. Vreemde Oosterlingen (Foreign Easterners) which includes Chinese, Arabic, Indian and other non-European descents.
3. Inlander (native) which is identical with the descendants of indigenous Indonesians.
Unfortunately until now, racist sentiments built by the Dutch are still strongly embedded in some Indonesian people, including in Papua.
Returning to the results of the 2nd Indonesian Independence Preparatory Efforts Session concerning the establishment of West Papua as part of Indonesia’s territory, actually proved that the founders of this nation had accommodated the wishes of the independent West Papuans along with other elements of the Indonesian nation long before the Dutch issued a manifesto to form West Papua on December 1 1961.
Here it is clear, that all Indonesians want independence together with West Papua in opposing the Dutch colonial. Instead the Dutch formed the West Papua state precisely to maintain its colonial interests in West Papua.